Portfolio Items

,

5 Para of Mehmed V (1911/12 CE)

A Copper-Nickel 5 Para coin of Mehmed V Mehmed V was made sultan 1909, after the deposition of his brother, Abdul Hamid II, his reign saw the death throes of the Ottoman empire, as more and more of its former glory was taken up by world powers. In a final disastrous move, Mehmed joined in WWI, though he passed away before seeing the defeat of his chosen side. Obverse: Mehmed V’s Tughra (official monograph) surrounded by stars, to right: رشاد beneath : سنة ٢ Reverse: Center : ٥ باره Legend around: ضرب في دولت عثمانيه قسطنطينية In exergue: ١٣٢٧ Date: 1911/191
,

Napoleonic 5 Francs (1858 CE)

A gold 5 Francs coin of Napoleon III, minted in Paris. Napoleon III, nephew of the famous Napoleon Bonaparte, declared himself emperor in the year 1851. At a time of a great depreciation of Ottoman currency, foreign coins became more and more preeminent in Jerusalem’s markets, and many 19th century works quote prices in gold “Napoleons”. This particular coin, after removal from circulation, was perforated and incorporated into a piece of jewelry. Obverse: Bearded head of Napoleon, surrounded by legend: “NAPOLEON III EMPEREUR”. The surname of the chief engraver of the Paris mint, Albert Désiré Barre, is seen at the bottom. Reverse: “5 FRANCS 1858” within wreath, surrounded by legend: “EMPIRE FRANÇAIS” Date: 1858
,

Silver Akce Bayezid II (1481/1512 CE)

A silver Akçe of Bayezid II, minted in Bursa. Bayezid II, famous for opening the gates of his empire to the Jews expelled from Spain and who taunted Ferdinand and Isabella for impoverishing their empire only to enrich his, also strengthened the Ottoman army by introducing firearms and building a sizable navy, enabling his successor to conquer the Mamluk sultanate, and the Temple Mount with it. Obverse: سلطان بازيد \ بن محمد حان\ عز نصرة Reverse: حلد ملكه\ برو سه\ ٨٨٦ Date: 1481–1512
,

Silver Nisf (1468/96 CE)

A silver Nisf of Al-Ashraf Qai’tbāy Abū al-Nasr, remembered for his construction project throughout the Sultanate, including the Qai’tbāy Fountain and Madrasa al-Ashrafiyya on the Temple Mount; minted in Aleppo. Obverse: center — قا يتباى; surrounding — السلطان الملك الاشرف ابو النصر Reverse: لا اله الا \ الله محمد \ رسول الله Date: 1468–1496
,

Counterfeit Zahiri Dinar (1438/53 CE)

A counterfeit Zāhiri dinar of the Bujri Mamluk Sultan Al-Zāhir Jaqmaq Abū Sa‛īd, minted in Cairo. While the original would have been solid gold, this coin is gold-plated copper. Obverse: بالقاهرة \ السلطان الملك الظاهر \ ابو سعيد جقمق عز نصره\ [—] Reverse: ارسله \ لااله الاالله \محمد رسول الله \ بالهدى Date: 1438–1453
,

Crusader Lead Token (12-14th Century)

Tokens such as these were used in 12th–13th centuries Europe as a cheap substitute for bronze, silver, and gold, at a time when rising commerce created an ever rising need for coins. Muslims of the time had no use for such a token, ergo — this token was probably dropped by a member of the Crusader state, perhaps one of the Knights Templar who made their home in the Temple Mount itself.
,

Denier of Baldwin III (1160 CE)

A billon (silver alloy) Denier of Baldwin III, minted in Jerusalem, the capital of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem Obverse: A cross surrounded by the Latin legend “BALDVINVS REX” Reverse: The Jerusalem citadel (Tower of David), surrounded by the Latin legend “DE IERUSALEM”
,

Quarter Dinar (1020 CE)

A gold Quarter Dinar, minted in Sicily under Al-Mansūr al-Hakim, the Fatimid Caliph who declared himself a prophet, founding the Druze religion in 1017. Al-Mansūr was infamous for the persecution of Jews and Christians under his rule, until his mysterious disappearance in 1021. Obverse: Center — al-Ḥākim bi-Amr Allāh, Commander of the Faithful; Surrounding — In the name of Allāh, this coin was struck in Siciliy in the (Hijri) year three hundred and ninety five Reverse: Center — Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh and Ali is the friend of Allāh; Surrounding — There is no god but Allāh, He has no partner with him, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allāh and Ali is the friend of Allāh
,

Constantinian Dynasty (330/335 CE)

A bronze coin minted in Thessalonica, during the early days of the Constantinian dynasty. Obverse: A helmeted warrior with spear, representing the spirit of Constantinopolis Reverse: The goddess of victory posing on a ship’s prow Date: 330–335 CE
,

Quarter Shekel (69/70 CE)

A bronze Quarter Shekel, minted in Jerusalem during the fourth year of the Great Revolt. Obverse: Chalice surronded by the Hebrew legend “For the redemption of Zion” Reverse: A bundle lulav (palm branch) between two Etrogim (citrons), surrounded by the Hebrew legend “Year four” Date: 69/70 CE
,

Half Shekel (66/67 CE)

A silver Half Shekel coin, minted during the first year of the Great Revolt. These coins were probably minted on the Temple Mount itself during the days of the First Revolt to enable the payment of the Temple tax. “This they shall give, everyone that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary” (Exodus 30:13) Obverse: Branch with three pomegranates, surrounded by the Ancient Hebrew legend “Holy Jerusalem” Reverse: Chalice topped by the letter א, signifying the first year of the Great Revolt, surrounded by the Hebrew legend “Half a Shekel” Date: 66/67 CE
,

Agrippa I (41/42 CE)

Bronze coin of Agrippa I, the grandson of Herod. Obverse: Royal canopy Reverse: 3 ears of wheat Date: 41/42 CE